May 1, 2014

Ingredients Explained

Horizon Complete INGREDIENTS


Horizon Complete is produced by an FDA compliant pharmaceutical company which allows formula to be very current in the content of the supplement.
Ingredients are added and subtracted according to prevailing scientific and current information. This is not possible with any commercial product off the shelf of a drug store.

Antioxidants & Minerals are Needed to Reduce the Risk of Age Related Macular Degeneration

  • Vitamins
  • Enzymes
  • Trace metals
  • Carotenoids
  • Other pigments
  • Glutathione boosters


Role of Vitamins

  • Vitamin “C” is an antioxidant and protects Vitamin E from being oxidized
  • Vitamin “E” is a fat soluble antioxidant that combines with Selenium and in turn protects Vitamin “A” from oxidation

Role of Enzymes

  • Superoxide Dismutase antioxidant which destroys free radicals
  • Requires Zinc for synthesis
  • Glutathione is a naturally occurring antioxidant
  • Needs selenium for synthesis
  • Glutathione Peroxidase detoxifies Hydrogen Peroxide

Role of Trace Metals

  • Zinc, when low may impair dark adaptation
  • Too much Zinc may interfere with Copper absorption
  • Selenium is needed for synthesis of Glutathione
  • Chromium is an integral part of cell membranes

Role of Carotenoids

  • Lutein is a very important antioxidant in the macula
  • Zeaxanthin, another macular pigment, absorbs blue light and modifies cell membrane stability

Role of Other Pigments

  • Bilberry is an anthocyanin which retards the breakdown of Vitamin “C”
    It works on collagen in the capillaries and it improves night vision

Role of Bioflavonoids

  • Taurine fills photoreceptors and is an antioxidant
  • Quercitin prevents buildup of lipofuscin that makes up Drusen

Vitamin C (ascorbic acid)

prevent vision loss with antioxidantsVitamin C is an antioxidant. It protects Vitamin E from being oxidized and is involved in protecting the integrity of capillaries. It is required for collagen synthesis.

Vitamin E (d-alpha-tocopheryl succinate)

eye vitaminsReduces the risk of coronary heart diseases at 200 IU or more per day. It combines with selenium and protects Vitamin A from oxidation.

Folic Acid

Folic acid has an essential role in DNA synthesis. It participates as an active coenzyme and preventative factor for anemias. It is the first B Vitamin group member to become deficient in poorly nourished aging individuals, the so-called ‘tea and toast’ contingent.

Zinc (picolinate)

Zinc has been shown to have better absorption than zinc oxide. Low zinc will impair dark adaptation and wound healing. Zinc is required for synthesis of superoxide dismutase, which converts superoxide free radical to hydrogen peroxide. Supplementation with zinc has shown inverse relation with progression of AMD.


Selenium is required in the synthesis of glutathione peroxidase which is needed to detoxify superoxide dismutase.


A naturally occurring antioxidant, which also depends on selenium for its synthesis. In experimental culture, glutathione protects retinal pigment epithelial cells (RPE) from oxidative injury.


Activates the utilization of insulin. It is an integral part of cell membranes. Chromium concentration declines with age and parallels reduced ability to metabolize glucose.


eye supplementsAn important pigment antioxidant in the macula. Several studies have shown an inverse trend between lutein intake and cataract and AMD.


A carotenoid that helps protect the retinal from the damaging effects of light by absorbing blue light. Zeaxanthin is the dominant component found within the central macula (75%).

Quercitinprevent formation of Drusen

A bioflavonoid which prevents build-up of lipofuscin and the formation ofDrusen. It is also an antioxidant, and it blocks cycloxygenase and lipoxygenase.

Cupric Oxide

Description coming soon.


Rutin has been shown to reduce leakage from small blood vessels in the retina. It is valuable in fighting free radicals.

Vitamin D

May reduce the risk of macular degeneration by its anti-inflammatory properties.

Thiamin (B1)

Thiamin is also known as vitamin B1 . In the body it is converted to thiamin pyrophosphate, an essential coenzyme serving enzymes involved in the breakdown of nutrient molecule for energy. .

Riboflavin (B2)

Aids in the reception of light by the retina, and is necessary for glutathione production.

Niacin (B3)

Plays a vital role in carbohydrate metabolism, helping to supply the entire body with energy.

Vitamin B6

Aids in the proper absorption of magnesium, and has a diuretic effect which helps decrease eye pressure.

Vitamin B 12

Seems to improve or prevent the worsening of eyesight in glaucoma patients, apparently by preventing the degeneration of the fatty layer surrounding the nerve cells called the myelin sheath.


Biotin is a B-complex vitamin used in the formation of enzymes that fuel the human body. Without biotin, the body can’t use fats or glucose for energy, and the metabolism is severely impaired.

Pantothenic acid

Pantothenic Acid is a crucial nutrient for energy metabolism.


Provides natural support for the thyroid gland, which helps maintain healthy cellular metabolism.


Manganese is a mineral concentrated in the liver, bone, pituitary gland, kidney, pancreas and intestines. It is an activator for and part of many enzyme systems, is important in carbohydrate and fat metabolism, is necessary for normal skeletal growth, and it is valuable for the assimilation and utilization of thiamine, biotin, and ascorbic acid.


Molybdenum is an obscure, yet vital, trace mineral in the human body. It is commonly associated with the metabolism of sulfur compounds and the proper transport of iron and copper within the cellular and plasma structure.


Description coming soon.


Description coming soon.


Support for blood sugar metabolism. Vanadium is a key, trace mineral in the body.


Helps the body utilize Energy from fats and sugars.


Lycopene is a powerful antioxidant carotenoid and the pigment that gives tomatoes, watermelon, and pink grapefruit their characteristic red color.  Clinical studies have indicated that natural Lycopene works through a number of mechanisms to support cardiovascular health and immune function.


N-Acetyl-L-Cysteine is an antioxidant closely related to L-cysteine, being its acetyl derivative. Cysteine is important for homeostasis, being a key antioxidant, a glutathione precursor, and a natural source of sulfur for metabolism.

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